What Does All That Political Jargon Actually Mean?

Politics can sometimes seem confusing, but it doesn't need to be. We break down the meaning of some of the most common political terms.


A Government made up of of more than one political party because no party obtained enough votes to form a government on its own.


A way of voting, usually using a ballot paper and a ballot box. You mark the ballot paper against the candidate you want to vote for.

The Cabinet

The senior ministers of the Government who decide policy and who are responsible for all Government departments.

Scottish First Minister

The political leader of Scotland and the head of the Scottish Government.


A group of voters who elect a political representative for their area.


A general vote by the people of a country on one question which has been given to them to make an important decision.


A society that favours equal rights, fair trials and freedom of speech where people are governed by elected officials they vote for.