How to Perform CPR

CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. CPR is a life-saving medical procedure which is given to someone who is in cardiac arrest. It helps to pump blood around the person's body when their heart can’t.

The quicker someone gets CPR the more likely they are to survive, in fact it doubles their chances. Learn how to perform CPR with this step by step guide.

Someone has lost consciousness and you want to help. Here's what to do.

1. Check for danger

Make sure the area you are in is safe and you won’t put your safety at risk by helping this person.

2. Check for responsiveness

Shake them and call out their name if you know it – ask if they can hear you.

3. Call for help

If they aren’t responding, call out for help. Having another person there means they can call 999 while you are helping whoever is unwell.

4. Check for breathing

Look and listen for the rise and fall of the person's chest.

5. Call 999 and start CPR

If they aren’t breathing call 999 and start CPR.

Actually performing CPR can be daunting if you don't actually know how. Here are the steps to follow, recommended by Save a Life Scotland.

How to do CPR

1. Put your hand in the middle of their chest

2. Interlock your fingers, hands one over the other like this 

3. Keep your arms straight with your shoulders over your hands.

4. With your body weight, push down as hard as you can and then lift up. Press down 2 times every second. Or to the rhythm of the song “Staying Alive”.

You can put a mask or cloth over the person's mouth and nose to reduce the risk of virus transmission. 

5. Keep going until the ambulance or other help arrives. If you have another person with you, it's a good idea to get them to take over if you get tired.