The Difference Between the UK and the Scottish Parliament in Rights

Find out some of the key differences between the UK and the Scottish parliaments, and which issues they each deal with.

What does the UK parliament do?

  • Make decisions on UK-wide issues such as foreign policy, national defence and immigration
  • There is one MP from each 646 constituencies in the UK parliament - 59 of the UK constituencies are in Scotland
  •  MPs are elected every five years 

What does the Scottish Parliament do?

  • Make decisions on issues affecting Scotland, including transport, health and education - these are called devolved powers
  • There is one MSP from each of the 129 Scottish constituencies
  • Elections are held every four years